Project n° 265644Green Car - FP7-2010-GC-ELECTROCHEMICAL-STORAGE
The APPLES project is a 3-year project funded by the European Union which started on 1 June 2011. It aims to the development of an initial industrial level of an advanced, lithium ion battery for efficient application in the sustainable vehicle market.
The basic structure of this battery involves a lithium-metal (tin)-carbon, Sn-C, alloy anode, a lithium nickel manganese oxide, LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4, cathode and a ceramic-added, gel-type membrane electrolyte and the battery will have improved performances regarding energy density, cycle life, cost, sustainability and safety.
A strong European consortium with partners from Germany, Italy and Sweden has been established to exploit the complementary experience of various interconnected unities, including academic laboratories and industrial companies:
Consorzio Sapienza Innovazione (CSI), Italy
Chalmers tekniska högskola (CHALMERS), Sweden
Rockwood Lithium, Germany
Eni SpA (ENI), Italy
ETC Battery and Fuel Cells Sweden AB (ETC), Sweden
HYDRO-ECO, Research centre of Sapienza University of Rome (HYDRO-ECO), Italy
SAES Getters SpA (SAES), Italy
Stena Metall AB (STENA), Sweden
Zentrum für Sonnenenergie- und Wasserstoff-Forschung (ZSW), Germany
University of Chieti (UNICH), Italy (pending)
University of Camerino (UNICAM) – third party, Italy
The academic partners will mainly address the work on the optimization of the basic, electrochemical properties of the electrode and electrolyte materials, while the industrial partners mainly will focus on the determination of battery key aspects, such as the value of energy density under a large size capacity configuration, the definition of the safety by abuse test procedure protocols, the overall cost, the environmental sustainability and the recycling process.
It is expected that these combined efforts will lead to the industrial production of a battery having an energy density of the order of 300 Wh/kg, a cost considerably lower than batteries already on the market, environmental compatibility and highly reduced safety hazard. In synthesis, this project compares well with others in progress worldwide for the development of lithium batteries directed to an efficient application in the sustainable vehicle market.